Based in Ankara, Turkey, KIRCI Law Office (KIRCI Avukatlık Bürosu) mostly focused on the practice in separate or in combination of all aspects of intellectual/industrial property rights (IPRs).

KIRCI Law Office



Although there is not a clear definition for trademarks in 6769 numbered Industrial Property Code, it is stated in the first paragraph of article 4 that: “Trademarks may consist of any signs like words, including personal names, figures, colors, letters, numbers, sounds and the shape of goods or their packaging, provided that such signs are capable of distinguishing the goods or services of one undertaking from those of other undertakings and being represented on the register in a manner to determine the clear and precise subject matter of the protection afforded to its proprietor.”


The Design is defined: 'the appearance of the whole or a part of a product resulting from the features of, the line, contour, color, shape, material or texture of the product itself or its ornamentation.' Provided that it is within the scope of 6769 numbered Industrial Property Code, the main requirement for the product to be registered as a design is that it shall be novel and bear the stamp of a distinctive character. 

Patent and Utility Models

A patent for an invention is granted to the inventor, giving the inventor the right for a limited period to stop others from making, using or selling the invention without the permission of the inventor. When a patent is granted, the invention becomes the property of the inventor, which - like any other form of property or business asset - can be bought, sold, rented or hired. Similarly, inventions which are novel and which can be applied to industry shall be protected by means of giving utility model. 


Copyright is concerned with protecting the work, that is the expression of thoughts and human intellect. Copyright and other related subjects mainly arranged within 5846 numbered Copyright Act in Turkey. Any kind of intellectual and artistic product bearing the characteristics of its owner and which is considered a work of science and literature, music, fine arts or cinema shall be protected within the scope of 5846 numbered Copyright Act.

Unfair Competition

The exclusive protection will come in to question when the trademark, design, patent and other industrial property matters are registered. Whereas protection of names, titles, signs and various promotional instruments, which do not register as a trademark and as other industrial property rights and which used in the commercial area, will be protected within unfair competition provisions. These issues regulated in 6102 numbered Turkish Commercial Code.

Domain Names

Domain names have started to fulfill functions through internet similar to trademark functions, like distinction, source designation, guarantee, and advertisement. People usually guess the common name of something they are looking for which sometimes just happens to be the service’s or product’s mark. On these accounts, enterprises aim at obtaining their trademarks as internet domain name in order to strengthen trademark awareness as an extension of their institutional identities and to prevent consumers from being confused/misguided. 

Geographical Sign and Traditional Speciality Guaranteed Mark

The geographical indication is the sign indicating a product that has become associated with a locality, area, region or country where it originates due to an apparent characteristic, its reputation or other features. The geographical indications shall be registered as the appellation of origin or designation of origin according to the features set out in 6769 numbered Turkish Industrial Property Code.   

Integrated Circuits

Article 35 of the TRIPS Agreement requires Member countries to protect the layout-designs of integrated circuits in accordance with the provisions of the IPIC Treaty (the Treaty on Intellectual Property in Respect of Integrated Circuits), negotiated under the auspices of WIPO in 1989.

Other Areas of Activity

Mass Media, Advertising Law, Competition Law, Commercial Law, Law of Obligations, Enforcement Law, Energy Law, Labor Law

About Us

Based in Ankara, Turkey, KIRCI Law Office (KIRCI Avukatlık Bürosu) mostly focused on the practice in separate or in combination of all aspects of intellectual/industrial property rights (IPRs) including trademarks, patents, designs, copyrights, trade secrets, unfair competition, domain name disputes and/or licensing, counseling, litigation and/or transaction thereof.   

We believe that service and quality are of paramount importance and that our clients, partners, business associates need the finest when it comes to obtaining qualified services regarding intellectual property rights in Turkey.

Our office is therefore committed itself to meet and exceed international standards.

The commitment to quality extends to every service the office provides to its clients. KIRCI Law Office (KIRCI Avukatlık Bürosu) has a profound experience, and hold strong beliefs in the necessity of prompt, informed, and capable service to clients.

In this respect, our clients receive the direct, personal attention and therefore ensured that the client's needs are met on a timely basis. 

Our team develops a level of understanding about our clients' business, focus on their needs and work with them to structure rational solutions.




Social Media and the Problem of the Use of Trademark
Ankara Bar Association – Journal of Intellectual Property and Competition Law (FMR), June 2019
Unfair Usage of Trademarks via Internet
Lambert Academic Publishing, Germany, 2010
Unfair Usage of Trademarks via Internet (Turkish Version)
Turhan Kitabevi, Ankara, 2009
Article Name : Invalidity of Trademarks (Language: Turkish)
Published in Journal of Turkish Bar Association, September – October 2006, Issue No.66, Year 19
Article Name : Copyright Piracy, Developments in Turkey and in the world (Language: Turkish)
Published in Ankara Bar Association Journal - October 2004

Other Papers


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